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A-C Ralph Abernathy Black American pastor and civil-rights leader who was Martin Luther King's chief aide and closest associate during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and '60s. Daisy Bates Civil rights activist, writer, publisher. Born Daisy Lee Gatson on November 11, 1914, in Huttig, Arkansas. Stokely Carmichael West-Indian-born civil-rights activist, leader of black nationalism in the United States in the 1960s and originator of its rallying slogan, 'black power.' D-F Frederick Douglas African American who was one of the most eminent human-rights leaders of the 19th century. Medgar Evers Civil rights activist. Born July 2, 1925, in Decatur, Mississippi. Myrlie Evers-Williams Civil rights activist, writer. Born Myrlie Louise Beasley on March 17, 1933, in Vicksburg, Mississippi. Louis Farrakhan African American leader (1978-2007) of the Nation of Islam, an African American movement that combined elements of Islam with black nationalism. G-I Marcus Garvey Social activist. Born Marcus Mosiah Garvey on August 17, 1887 in St Ann's Bay, Jamaica. Fannie Lou Hamer Civil rights activist. Born Fannie Lou Townsend on October 6, 1917, in Montgomery County, Mississippi. Benjamin Hooks Judge, public official, civil rights reformer. Born Benjamin Lawson Hooks on January 31, 1925 in Memphis, Tennessee. Roy Innis Civil rights activist. Born Roy emile Alfredo Innis on June 6, 1934 in St. Croix, U.S. J-L Coretta Scott King Although best known as the wife of 1960s civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King established a distinguished career in activism in her own right. Martin Luther King, Jr. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. Born Michael Luther King, Jr., on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. M-O Malcolm X African-American activist, born on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, USA. Floyd B McKissick Civil rights leader, lawyer, business executive. Born in Asheville, North Carolina. James Meredith Civil rights activist, business executive. Born James Howard Meredith on June 25, 1933 in Kosciusko, Mississippi. Elijah Muhammad Leader of the black separatist religious movement known as the Nation of Islam (sometimes called Black Muslims) in the United States. P-R Rosa Parks Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus spurred on a city-wide boycott and helped launch nation-wide efforts to end segregation of public facilities Phillip Randolph Labor leader and social activist. Born April 15, 1889 in Crescent City, Florida. Dred Scott Slave, born in Southampton Co, Virginia, USA. He made legal and constitutional history in the Dred Scott Case (1848-57), which sought to obtain his freedom on the ground that his master took him from Missouri (a slave state) to Illinois (a free state). Bobby Seale One of the original Black Panthers (1966), Seale gained notoriety for his vociferous demonstrations during and after the 1968 Chicago convention. T-V Sojourner Truth Abolitionist and women's rights activist. Born Isabella Van Wagener c. 1797 in Ulster County, New York. Harriet Tubman Abolitionist. Born Araminta Ross around 1820 in Bucktown, Maryland. Reared in slavery, she married a free black, John Tubman, in 1844. Nat Turner Leader of a slave insurrection. Born October 2, 1800 in Southampton County, Virginia. Denmark Vessey Insurrection leader. Probably born on St. Thomas, West Indies. W-Z Ida Bell Wells-Barnett Risking her own life, Ida B. Wells-Barnett spent much of her time fighting against injustice, especially the heinous practice of lynching African Americans in the South. Walter Francis White Foremost spokesman for African Americans for almost a quarter of a century and executive secretary (1931-55) of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Andrew Young Civil rights activist, Protestant minister, public official. Born March 12, 1932 in New Orleans, Louisiana. As a minister, he joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1960, and came to be one of the closest associates of Martin Luther King.