Standards-based learning informs us what students have learned and know. Standards-based learning measures a student’s knowledge of grade level content over time by reporting the most recent, consistent level of performance. For example, a student might struggle in the beginning of a grading period with new content but may demonstrate proficiency by the end of the grading period. In traditional grading, the student’s performance for the whole grading period would be averaged, and early assessment scores that were low would be averaged together with proficient assessment scores. The result of the scores averaged would be a lower grade. When a percentage system is applied, it can be misleading. In standards-based learning, a student who reaches proficiency would be reported proficient, and the grade would reflect current performance level.